In this poem, Ephrem the Syrian, poet of the ancient church, compares and contrasts the Passover lamb with Christ, the true lamb of God.
Hymns on the Unleavened Bread, no. 3 In Egypt the Passover lamb was slain, in Sion the True Lamb slaughtered. Refrain: Praise to the Son, the Lord of symbols who fulfilled every symbol at his resurrection. My brothers, let us consider the two lambs, let us see where they bear resemblance and where they differ. Let us weigh and compare their achievements - of the lamb that was the symbol, and of the Lamb that is the Truth. Let us look upon the symbol as a shadow, let us look upon the Truth as the fulfillment. Listen to the simple symbols that concern that Passover, and to the double achievements of this our Passover. With the Passover lamb there took place for the Jewish people an Exodus from Egypt, and not an entry. So with the True Lamb there took place for the Gentiles an Exodus from error, and not an entry. With the Living Lamb there was a further Exodus, too, for the dead from Sheol, as from Egypt; For in Egypt two symbols are depicted, since it reflects both Sheol and Error. With the Passover lamb, Egypt's greed learnt to give back against its wont; With the Living Lamb, Sheol's hunger disgorged back the dead, against its nature. With the True Lamb, greedy Error rejected and cast up the Gentiles who were saved; With that Passover lamb, Pharaoh returned the Jewish people whom, like Death, he had held back. With the Living Lamb, Death has returned the just, who left their graves. With the True Lamb, Satan gave up the Gentiles whom, like Pharaoh, he had held back. In Pharaoh two types were depicted; he was a pointer to both Death and Satan. With the Passover lamb, Egypt was breached and a path stretched out before the Hebrews. With the True Lamb, Satan, having fenced off all paths, left free the path that leads to Truth. The Living Lamb has trodden out, with that cry which He uttered, the path from the grave for those who lie buried.
-Ephrem the Syrian, translated by Brock, The Harp of the Spirit: Poems of Ephrem the Syrian, pp. 52-54
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